Daylight Saving Time, abbreviated as DST, is an easy way to use daylight in an intelligent manner. It is done by moving hands of the clocks to get more daylight during the evening. This way, daylight during the sunrise and in the morning is reduced respectively.
When is DST Day?
In order to observe the transition to the Daylight Saving Time, two days were selected. The first day is the 2nd Sunday of March, and on this day the clock is moved one hour ahead. The second day is the 1st Sunday of November when the clock is moved one hour backward.
Who observes DST?
Over one billion people in more than 70 countries of our planet observe DST. Time systems and days when the clock is set forward and backward vary from country to country. In America, most states observe DST except for Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, Hawaii, and Arizona.
What has to be done to observe DST?
People do one basic thing – set the clock one hour back in November and one hour forward in March. The official time when this is performed is 2 AM, but most people change time on the next day when they wake up or one day before this. Time on mobile devices and PCs is usually changed automatically.
How did it start?
Benjamin Franklin was the inventor of DST idea. When he was visiting France, he saw that people there were waking up and going to sleep earlier aiming to save some money on candles. It gave him an insight into the introduction of DST. Later, George Hudson from New Zealand and William Willet from England developed this idea further. However, the government dismissed it. During the First World War, DST was implemented by Germany, and very soon many European countries did it as well. The United States of America started observing Daylight Saving Time in 1918. In 2007, DST was extended in the US by one month. It was moved from April to March in Spring and from October to November in Autumn.
Interesting Facts about DST
- People often forget the way to change the clock. An excellent way not to forget is to remember a simple saying, "Spring forward and Fall back".
- Iceland and Russia have DST all year long.
- In America, responsibility for the Time Zones is held by The Department of Transportation.
- The number one argument to observe DST was to save money on lights. Now, light makes little percentage of electricity that is being used. This is why many people say that DST is no longer needed.
- In the USA, DST last for 34 weeks annually.
- Even though Arizona doesn’t use DST, the Navajo Nation, which is a part of Arizona, keeps on using it.