The lawyer, American politician, and the 16th US President, Abraham Lincoln, was born on the 12-th of February, 1809, in Hodgenville, Kentucky. He served as the President since March 1861 to April 1865, the year of Lincoln’s assassination. His major achievements as the President were the establishment of the US National Banking System and the abolishment of slavery. He promoted the creation of universities and led the Union to victory in the American Civil War.
Lincoln’s second home-state became Illinois, where he spent most of the adult life devoting lots of his time to self-education and working as a lawyer. He was a Whig Party leader in the 1830-s and was elected to the Illinois House of Representatives in 1846. In the 1850-s, Lincoln’s further work as a politician continued in the new Republican Party, and in 1860, he was elected the President, gaining 180 of 303 electoral votes.
Lincoln's Great Impact in Politics
Since Lincoln had a huge impact on the development and modernization of the USA, so each year thankful Americans honor the birthday of the great President and person and celebrate Abraham Lincoln’s Birthday. The first observations of this day as a holiday happened in 1874 in Buffalo, NY. It, organized by a businessman Julius Francis. This man devoted the rest of his life to making Lincoln’s Birthday a legal holiday. However, Francis’s efforts were in vain.
Despite the numerous attempts and letters written to the Congress, Lincoln’s Birthday wasn’t proclaimed as a federal holiday. In fact, many Americans honor Lincoln’s birthday on Presidents Day (known as Washington’s Birthday), which is observed on the third Monday of February. Only Missouri, Illinois, Connecticut and New York state governments announced Lincoln’s Birthday as a public holiday.
There are disputes concerning the celebrations of Lincoln’s Birthday, Washington’s Birthday, and Presidents Day. As far as Lincoln (the 12-th of February) and Washington’s (the 22-d of February) birthdays are in one month, the Congress put in action the Uniform Monday Holiday Act, which was aimed at honoring all the presidents of the USA on Presidents Day on the third Monday in February and providing the Americans with additional three day holidays. Nevertheless, Presidents Day is more associated with Washington’s Birthday, in fact, the only federal holiday, leaving the day of memory of Lincoln’s Birthday in shade.
Though, Lincoln’s Birthday is not a legal federal holiday, there is a traditional ceremony of wreath-laying on the Lincoln’s landmarks in Hodgenville, Kentucky and in Washington, DC.
In honor of the bicentenary of Lincoln’s birthday on February 12, 2009, there was a commemorating ceremony held by the National Park Service and the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission on the plaza of the Lincoln Memorial on the National Mall in Washington, DC. The celebration was also held with the help of MOLLUS, a four-time Grammy-nominated performer Michael Feinstein and the US Marine Corps. Band.
The body of the 16th US President rests at the Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield, Illinois.